Objective: To predict mortality with the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI) in a sample of community-dwelling
older people, using a follow-up of 7 years.
Setting and Participants: 479 Dutch community-dwelling people aged 75 years or older.
Measurements: The TFI, a self-report questionnaire, was used to collect data about total, physical, psychological, and social frailty. The municipality of Roosendaal (a town in the Netherlands) provided the mortality dates.
Conclusions and Implications: This study has shown the predictive validity of the TFI for mortality in
community-dwelling older people. Our study demonstrated that physical and psychological frailty
predicted mortality. Of the individual TFI components, difficulty in walking consistently predicted
mortality. For identifying frailty, using the integral instrument is recommended because total, physical,
psychological, and social frailty and its components have proven their value in predicting adverse outcomes of frailty, for example, increase in health care use and a lower quality of life.